But the link between early teen sex and divorce are indirectly

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According to a new study, women who are sexually active early in their adolescence specifically, before age 16 are more likely canada goose outlet england to divorce.

cheap canada goose uk Researchers at the University of Iowa used the responses of 3,793 women who are married or have been married at some point in their lives from the 2002 National Survey of Family Growth to examine the relationship between the age at which they canada goose outlet london uk had their first sexual experience, and the success of their first marriage. cheap canada goose uk

canada goose store At first glance, the canada goose outlet real findings seemed alarming: multiple outlets (including this one), reported that up to 47 percent of women who lost their virginity during their teen years divorced within 10 years of getting married implying that women who lose their virginity during adolescence will inevitably face conflict in their later adult relationships. canada goose store

In fact, while the age at which sex first occurred was significant in canada goose outlet legit determining women’s likelihood to divorce, more important was whether that sex qualified as “wanted.” That’s because the earlier women had their first sexual experience, the canada goose stockists uk less frequently the sex was actually wanted. In short, the study’s conclusions were less about the correlation between when a girl loses her virginity and canada goose jacket outlet uk her risk of divorce than it was about how the nature canada goose outlet online reviews of the canada goose outlet eu first sexual experience affects later romantic relationships.

While some of the initial reports about the study alluded to this point, they often did not explore it completely, so we decided to go to the source lead researcher Anthony Paik to shed more light on this surprisingly complicated study.

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uk canada goose Anthony Paik: [I looked at] the association between the timing of first sex canada goose outlet toronto and divorce. What I found was that women who reported that their first intercourse occurred before the age of 16, even if it was “wanted,” had an increased risk of divorce compared to those canada goose outlet ontario who delayed sex until after adulthood [age 18]. canada goose jacket outlet [But this is because] sexual experiences in early adolescence have been associated with premarital conception, premarital birth, and having more sex partners over the course of a lifetime. And all those are divorce determinants. uk canada goose

canada goose uk shop In addition, canada goose outlet shop I looked at whether or not the “wantedness” [of the sex] mattered. If a woman reported that her first sexual experience was not completely wanted that is, she had mixed feelings about it, or didn’t want it at all she was at an increased risk of divorce compared to those who delayed sex until adulthood and the sex was wanted. [Of] women who report their first sexual experiences as occurring very early, say, 14 or below, almost all say that their first sexual experience was not completely wanted. canada goose uk shop

HP: How is “unwanted” sex defined?

canada goose uk black friday AP: The survey [results are culled from] the CDC’s 2002 Survey of Family Growth. It has a couple of questions that ask for the context of first intercourse that it “caused mixed feelings,” that canada goose outlet parka it “wasn’t completely wanted,” or that it “was completely wanted.” It’s not canada goose outlet in montreal clear from the survey what the womens’ experience was specifically. canada goose uk black friday

canada goose coats HP: Were the participants of the survey of the same race, ethnicity, and educational background? canada goose coats

canada goose black friday sale AP: No. The survey is nationally representative of girls and women in the US between the ages of 15 and 44. It’s quite diverse and reflective of ever married women. canada goose black friday sale

canada goose coats on sale HP: What surprised you the most about your findings? canada goose coats on sale

cheap Canada Goose AP: I was surprised by the percentage of women who did not report their first sexual experience in adolescence as being completely wanted. There was a very strong age grading. The younger ages were much more likely to report these engagements as not completely wanted. cheap Canada Goose

buy canada goose jacket HP:Why were men excluded from the study? It seems as if that’s a pretty big omission. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose clearance AP: [Laughs] If I had more money I would be happy to be another study on men. But the issue canada goose outlet usa is that historically, most divorce research has looked at women’s canada goose outlet store near me responses. For example, in the NSFG [National Survey of Family Growth], one of the major data sets for the study of divorce, didn’t even collect responses from men until 2002. canada goose clearance

HP: What is the association between sex during adolescence and divorce? Does one necessarily cause the other?

AP: [We don’t know whether] we can infer a causal relationship between the two. One explanation for such an association would be that there’s some set of attitudes an individual has that predisposes her both to having sex early in adolescence and to divorce. That’s what’s referred to as “spurious association,” meaning that there really is no causal linkage between the two the relationship is caused by this third variable.

buy canada goose jacket cheap HP: canada goose outlet What could that third variable be? buy canada goose jacket cheap

AP: I think, for example, in a population of adolescents, some individuals are more permissive to sex outside of marriage. If someone is permissive toward non marital canada goose outlet winnipeg sex, they’re also more likely to be okay with divorce. So what’s really generating the association between these two outcomes [adolescent sex and divorce] is just the attitude, [meaning] canada goose outlet near me there really is no linkage between the timing of first sexual experiences and divorce.

HP: Why would unwanted sexual experiences be associated with divorce?

AP: There are two arguments: one is that it’s a PTSD process, which is a psychological model of a post traumatic stress syndrome process [stemming from] childhood sex abuse. This model emphasizes that these experiences, particularly with adults, canada goose parka outlet are traumatic, [and] lead to high levels of sexualization [which] makes individuals susceptible to relationship difficulties.

In the second argument, unwanted sexual experiences lead to https://www.canadagoosejacketonlines.ca early sexualization, which is associated with subsequent life course events that are key divorce determinants, such as having more sex partners, premarital conceptions, and premarital births.

uk canada goose outlet HP: So, do articles that cite your study as canada goose parka outlet uk proof to the canada goose premium outlet fact that sexual goose outlet canada activity during early adolescence makes one more likely to divorce misrepresent the data? uk canada goose outlet

AP: It’s just a lost in translation thing. If there’s a 14 year old sexually active adolescent, that girl is at greater risk for a fertility outcome of premarital conception or premarital birth. Those later events translate into an increased divorce probability. That would be one potential causal mechanism for making them link. But the link between early teen sex and divorce are indirectly linked through these subsequent fertility and sexual outcomes.

Canada Goose Online AP: canada goose factory outlet One of the misunderstandings about the study is that it isn’t about whether or not sex before marriage versus delaying sex until marriage leads to divorce. It’s a study about whether sex in early adolescence, particularly if it was not wanted, affects future relationships Canada Goose Online.