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Exploring Ways to Reduce IT’s Environmental Impact

cheap canada goose uk When you think of the phrase “industrial ecology,” the latest in information technology is probably not a synonym that comes to mind. But a recent issue of Yale Journal of Industrial Ecology (JIE) puts that misconception to the test. cheap canada goose uk

Canada Goose Parka Stemming from the widespread applications of ICT in everything from farming to government, JIE set aside an entire issue to looking at how technology and industrial systems can interact. The entire issue, as well as subsequent related canada goose outlet price articles, is free to the public; below is a short overview of some of the most noteworthy articles from the issue. Canada Goose Parka

In canada goose outlet official the introduction to the issue, Eric Masanet and H. Scott Matthews write: Because of its emphasis on the use of system perspectives, industrial ecology canada goose outlet store near me is well suited to analysis of both the benefits and impacts of ICT. As a field that seeks to understand and pursue sustainable production and consumption, often by examining canada goose coats uk materials and energy flows at different scales, industrial ecology has produced significant research on the intersection of ICT and the environment. This special issue presents research that canada goose outlet store new york uses and speaks to several aspects of the field life cycle assessment (LCA), ecodesign, industrial symbiosis, and eco efficiency.

canada goose uk shop From that starting point, one of the articles most interesting from a top level perspective, written by a number of researchers from Sweden Royal Institute of Technology, puts the amount of greenhouse gas emissions from ICT at 1.3 percent of the world total carbon footprint. ICT is also responsible for 3.9 percent of global energy use. canada goose uk shop

The chart below, canada goose outlet in montreal from the article, lays out the different amounts of emissions each area of ICT is responsible for. No one will be surprised to learn that PC operations canada goose outlet belgium and data centers are far and away the biggest culprits on both the energy use and emissions sides of the equation.

Next page: Applying green IT to building energy efficiency

Aside from looking at the cumulative impacts of all the electronic devices at use in the world, the special issue of the canada goose outlet washington dc JIE also explores how technology can be deployed to improve efficiency and reduce energy costs.

Two articles canada goose outlet los angeles in the special issue look at residential energy use. The first, by Jihoon Min, Zeke Hausfather and Qi Feng Lin of canada goose outlet store calgary Efficiency canada goose outlet legit 2.0, lays canada goose outlet toronto factory out a way to precisely measure energy use by zip code, a level of detail that has not previously been achieved.

canada goose clearance sale The importance of getting as fine of detail as possible on residential energy use stems from the fact that although home energy use represents about 22 percent of all energy use in the country, there is much less known about the residential sector as compared to canada goose outlet paypal industrial or commercial energy use. canada goose clearance sale

cheap Canada Goose The second residential oriented article in the JIE issue, from researchers at Carnegie Mellon University, looks at the potential of nonintrusive load monitoring (NILM) as a canada goose outlet in toronto way to improve energy audits and identify the amount of energy used by individual units in multi tenant buildings. cheap Canada Goose

“This form of non intrusive load monitoring may be able to provide a canada goose kensington parka uk new type of continuous electrical audit for residential buildings, down to the canada goose outlet london appliance level,” Mario Berges said in a press canada goose outlet hong kong release from the JIE publisher. could offer significantly greater benefits.

uk canada goose A survey by Eric Masanet, the Deputy Leader of the International Energy Studies Group at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory, looks at more than 25,000 official canada goose outlet installations of electronic control systems which optimize the performance of machines, heating, cooling and ventilation at small to medium sized manufacturers in the United States over the last 15 years. industrial plants. uk canada goose

Canada Goose online Masanet findings are stark, and eye opening: The average annual primary energy savings per installation for all controls was around 1,500 MMBtu/year. EPA 2010). passenger vehicles (from around 25 mpg for a standard mid sized auto to 50 mpg for an efficient hybrid). canada goose outlet uk sale household technology installations to achieve. Canada Goose online

canada goose factory sale Next page: How green are your music downloads? canada goose factory sale

Although there are a number of other solid reports in this special issue of the JIE, I canada goose factory outlet like to highlight just one more, which was actually published prior to Volume 14, Issue 5, but which is collected under the rubric of green IT research on that issue table of contents.

canada goose The research is a different take on the energy impacts of IT, researched and written by researchers at Carnegie Mellon and Yale, that looks beyond the energy used by computing equipment to explore the question of downloading music is greener than buying canada goose outlet trillium parka black a CD. canada goose

canadian goose jacket Even though by all accounts the market for CDs, and CD retailing stores, has long been on the wane, digital music canada goose outlet montreal proponents have often touted the dematerialization benefits of moving from resource intensive (and shipping intensive) plastic CDs to MP3 downloads. canadian goose jacket

buy canada goose jacket The article in the JIE traces music in physical and digital format from the recording stage or studio to the CD or MP3 player. These savings are offset, however, by the energy and emissions associated with network and data center usage to deliver the music digitally, as well as those of recordable media and media storage if the user canada goose outlet uk burns music to a CD. buy canada goose jacket

canada goose coats The research looks at six scenarios for music recording and delivery: 1. album published on CD and delivered by traditional retail methods canada goose coats

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canada goose uk outlet 4. album downloaded as MP3 or MP4 files from an online music service and used digitally canada goose uk outlet

5. album downloaded as MP3 or MP4 files from an online music service and burned to CD R for digital and CD use (no CD packaging)

buy canada goose jacket cheap And the researchers find that yes, digital music canada goose jacket outlet store has a significantly lower footprint than any other method; even digital music that is then burned to a CD is less energy and carbon intensive than buying a disc at your local, canada goose outlet florida soon to be defunct Borders or having a disc shipped to you by Amazon. The chart below spells out the impacts of each method. buy canada goose jacket cheap

uk canada goose outlet There you have it. In much more canada goose outlet uk fake than a nutshell, an overview of the Journal of Industrial Ecology Green ICT issue. There continue to be follow up articles posted to the journal, including research on a new approach to e waste takeback, and a look at an alternative method for comparing the “greenness” of electronics uk canada goose outlet.